24.00.040   USE OF RESTRAINING DEVICES      (CALEA 70.2.1)


The following devices or combinations are approved for the restraint of prisoners when used in accordance with Department approved training:


v     Department issued handcuffs


v     Belly chains or functional equivalent


v     Leg iron cuffs


v     Leg cord cuff restraint (hobble)


v     “Flex-Cuff” type plastic restraints


Restraint of Prisoners During Transport


All persons who are taken into custody, who are transported in a police vehicle, will be handcuffed with wrists behind the back.  Unless circumstances at the time of the arrest (i.e., prisoner was combative or resistive) prohibit the officer from doing so, all prisoners will be handcuffed in the "double-lock" position.  Such circumstances shall be documented in the arrest/case report as appropriate.  Refer to other sections of this policy for handling prisoners who are injured, ill, or handicapped.


A prisoner may be handcuffed with the hands in front if done in conjunction with use of a belly chain or functional equivalent.


When transporting more than one prisoner, they may be handcuffed with hands in front and arms intertwining, or right hand to right hand, or left hand to left hand.


Prisoners who require transport for an extended period of time will be handcuffed in front utilizing a belly chain or functional equivalent.


Use of Handcuffs

Handcuffs are normally necessary for use at all times when officers are processing and transporting arrested/lawfully detained persons.  Officers/PSO’s may, at their discretion, process and transport prisoners such as those who are aged, pregnant or infirm without handcuffs, provided the officer is able to maintain control over the prisoner.  Other restraints are permitted for unruly prisoners with the exception of the tactic known as "hog-tying."  Refer to Use of Force policies.


All prisoners will be secured with restraints while in the courtroom.


Use of leg cord cuff restraints


Use of leg cord cuff restraints is authorized on prisoners who are so combative that any other means of restraint presents a substantial risk of injury to the transporting officer, other prisoners, or to the prisoner himself.  For example, when no alternative means of full restraint (such as medical restraints) is available or feasible.



Securing Prisoners


During transport, the prisoner should be secured to the seat by means of a seatbelt, and the prisoner should be positioned on their side, rather than the stomach, to avoid restraint asphyxia.  This is particularly important for individuals exhibiting the signs of high agitation, psychotic drug/alcohol use, and obesity.  If it is not possible to transport a subject in a manner described above, officers are encouraged to summon an aid car or private ambulance for transport.


In no event will a prisoner ever be secured to any portion of a vehicle while in transport other than by use of the seatbelt.




Officers will not Hog-tie prisoners for transportation in Department vehicles.  "Hog-tying” a prisoner during transport may cause the phenomenon of “Positional Asphyxia. Using such a restraint method may interrupt a prisoner’s normal breathing process and lead to serious injury or death.


Transport of Combative Prisoners


If necessary, the legs/ankles of a combative prisoner may be secured with restraints and the cuffed prisoner then placed in the transporting vehicle in a sitting position.


Securing the legs together in this manner is not considered to be "hog-tying," in that there isn't any linking of the wrists and ankles at the lower back.