2.00.060     SPECIAL FIREARMS, WEAPONS, AND TACTICAL DEVICES     

(CALEA 1.3.4, .9, & .10, .11)

 

Special firearms, weapons, and tactical devices will be used only when necessary by officers specifically trained in their use and only with the authorization of a command officer.  Weapons and tactical devices will be handled only as necessary, and always in such a manner as to not cause unwarranted danger to oneself or to others.

 

Patrol Rifle

 

Rifles are to be used only by an officer assigned and qualified to use the rifle, and with the express authorization of a Supervisor.

 

Sub-Machine Guns

 

Sub-machine guns are to be used only with the express authorization of a Command Officer and only by officers specifically trained in their use.

 

Extended Range Impact Devices

 

The Defense Technology 40 mm Multi-Launcher, the Defense Technology 40 mm Single Shot Launcher, and the Pepperball Technologies 98 Custom Launcher and TAC 700 Launcher are the Department’s extended range impact devices.   These devices provide “Less-Lethal” tools that may be used to deliver force through the use of extended range impact projectiles.  This level of force may be used to overcome or gain control of  a subject demonstrating aggressive or violent behavior which poses a threat of physical harm to the subject or the officer, or to other persons or property.   Extended range impact devices may also be deployed when it is necessary to disperse unruly or rioting crowds threatening persons and/or property.

 

Extended range impact devices are intended to provide additional force options. These devices are not intended to replace use of firearms or other forms of deadly force when the use of deadly force is justified.

 

Extended range impact devices may only be deployed by officers who have satisfactorily completed this agency’s approved training course and are recertified on a yearly basis.

 

Extended range impact devices should be stored in the SWAT armory or Crowd Control Locker and checked out by a certified operator at the beginning of shift and checked in at the end of shift. Extended range impact devices should be stored in their designated cases and secured in the trunk of the Police vehicle during the officer’s shift. They shall be stored and transported in an unloaded condition when not being deployed.

 

The Defense Technology 40mm Multi-Launcher combined with the Defense Technology sponge round (XM1006 Exact Impact Munitions, green marker sponge round and OC sponge round or their equivalents) and the Pepperball Technologies 98 Custom Launcher and TAC 700 Launcher are the only configurations of extended range impact devices that are authorized for general patrol deployment.

 

The Defense Technology 40mm Multi-launcher and the Defense Technology 40mm Single Shot Launcher may be deployed using the following rounds only when necessary to disperse unruly or rioting crowds threatening persons or property:  multiple foam baton, multiple rubber baton, multiple wood baton, 60 cal. Stinger rubber balls, Skat Shell CS gas, Skat Shell smoke, Short Range and Long Range “Spede-Heat” smoke, Short Range and Long Range “Spede-Heat” CS and CN gas or their equivalents. 

 

Prior to loading the Defense Technology 40mm Multi-launcher and the Defense Technology 40mm Single Shot Launcher during deployment, the operator shall inspect each round to ensure that it is an appropriate round for its intended use. 

 

When feasible, the operator should make an announcement to the other involved Officers prior to deploying the Less Lethal Round(s) to reduce the possibility of “contagion fire”.

 

Officers authorized to deploy the Pepperball Technologies 98 Custom Launcher and TAC 700 Launcher will carry and load only PAVA (capsaicin) and/or inert rounds.

 

When feasible, a warning should be given to the subject that force will be used against him/her prior to deploying the extended range impact devices.

 

The “Objective Reasonableness” of each round fired by the operator must be able to be justified by the operator. The number of rounds fired should be limited to that which is necessary to overcome and safely gain control of a subject or disperse and unruly or rioting crowd.  

 

Extended range impact devices should not be used in the following situations (unless there are compelling reasons to do so, which can clearly be articulated):

 

v      In an environment where the subject could fall beyond his/her standing height and where such fall is reasonably likely to result in death or serious physical injury.

 

v      On a subject who at the time of application is known or believed to be pregnant, unless higher and more intrusive levels of force are the only reasonable alternatives.

 

v      At extremely close distances to the subject (less than 5 feet from the end of the muzzle to the subject for the Defense Technology 40 mm Multi-Launcher and the Defense Technology 40mm Single Shot Launcher: this limitation does not apply to Pepperball Technologies launchers)

 

Officers should insure that appropriate aid is provided to any subject who is struck by any round from an extended range impact device.  Aid personnel should be called to the scene or other location as appropriate, to evaluate whether additional medical treatment or transport is required prior to being booked into jail. 

 

Photographs of the affected impact area(s) should be taken as soon as practical.

 

Electronic Control Devices / TASER

 

The X-26 TASER is an Electronic Control Device (ECD) designed to disrupt a subject’s sensory and motor nervous system by means of deploying battery powered electrical energy sufficient to cause uncontrolled muscle contractions and override an individual’s voluntary motor responses.  It may be used in the performance of a police duty only by officers who have satisfactorily completed this agency’s approved training course and are recertified on a yearly basis. 

 

The TASER is an intermediate tool and is not intended to replace firearms, batons, pepper spray and/or self-defense techniques.  It may be used to control or overcome a physically resistive, aggressive or violent subject who poses an immediate threat of physical harm to his/her self, to the officer, or to other persons.

 

The TASER should not be used in the following situations (unless there are compelling reasons to do so which can clearly be articulated):

  1. In any environment where an officer knows that a potentially flammable, volatile, or explosive material is present (including but not limited to gasoline, natural gas, or propane).
  2. In any environment where the subject could fall beyond his/her standing height and where such a fall would present a substantial risk of death or serious physical injury.
  3. On a subject who at the time of application is known or believed to be pregnant, unless higher and more intrusive levels of force are the only reasonable alternatives.
  4. On a handcuffed / secured prisoner, absent overtly assaultive behavior that cannot be reasonably dealt with in any other less intrusive fashion.
  5. On a subject who is very young, very old or infirm.
  6. On a subject who is demonstrating only passive or static resistance unless there is an identifiable threat present.

 

Conventional fired cartridge (probe) deployment is preferred over the Drive Stun mode because it increases likelihood for temporary motor incapacitation.  The Drive Stun mode may be used in certain circumstances but should not be used merely as a pain compliance tool absent an immediate threat. When using the Drive Stun mode, the head, neck and pelvic area should be avoided, unless defending against a violent attacker, due to the increased risk of serious injury.

 

The Drive Stun mode may also be used following a Probe Deployment when the officer believes that the probe spread is less than ideal and/or when there is an indication of an improper connection of the probes to the subject.

 

The TASER may only be carried on the Non-Gun side of the body (belt holster or thigh rig) and set up for a Non-Gun hand draw.  When carried on a Tactical type vest (i.e. SWAT, ENTF, SET, etc.), the TASER may be carried on either side of the vest but must be set up for a Non-Gun hand draw that is reviewed and approved by the PSU Commander. These carry restrictions do not apply to Police Support Officers.

 

Note: Personnel may only use a Department issued or Department approved holster for the TASER.

 

Repeated, continuous and prolonged activation of the TASER should be limited to that which is necessary to safely place the subject into custody.   Multiple applications using the Drive Stun mode are strongly discouraged. 

 

Photographs of the affected area(s) should be taken as soon as practical. 

 

The TASER probes shall be removed from the subject once safely in custody according to the procedures outlined in the department certification training.  The cartridge, wire leads, probes, and one or more AFID ID Tags (if available) shall be gathered and booked into Evidence for each TASER Cartridge application on a subject. 

 

 

Chemical Agents

 

Chemical agents are to be used only with the express authorization of a Command Officer and only by officers specifically trained in their use.  Any person subjected to or exposed to a chemical agent must be provided appropriate first aid or medical treatment within a reasonable period of time. 

 

Batons

 

Batons will be used in the performance of a police duty only by officers specifically trained in their use, when and only to the extent lawfully necessary.  Officers are authorized to carry/use only the Department-issued baton.

 

Pepper Spray

 

Pepper spray will be used in the performance of a police duty only by officers specifically trained in its use.  Any person subjected to or exposed to pepper spray must be provided first aid or medical treatment within a responsible period of time. 

 

Other Weapons or Tactical Devices

 

Except for the specific authorization to use certain personally owned firearms, other weapons or tactical devices that are not Department issue are prohibited for duty-connected use.