1.00.050 NECK RESTRAINT HOLDS (CALEA 1.3.2)
The Department recognizes that the use of neck restraint holds is an effective method to restrain and control subjects. Some types of neck restraint holds are considered a use of deadly force while others through technique and level of application are available for use at lower levels of force.
A “Bar Arm” type neck restraint is defined as a restraint hold that compresses the airway and other structures of the front part of the neck. Use of a “Bar Arm” type neck restraint shall be considered a use of deadly force.
The Lateral Vascular Neck Restraint (LVNR) technique applies pressure to the lateral portion of the neck and restricts blood flow to and from the brain. The LVNR shall not be considered a use of deadly force.
The LVNR is the only neck restraint technique that is authorized for use in a non-deadly force situation. Only personnel who have current certification in the use of LVNR may use the technique under circumstances where deadly force is not justified. LVNR may be used to control or overcome a physically resistive, aggressive or violent subject who poses a threat of physical harm to his/her self, to the officer, or to other persons or property.
For an officer to be considered “current” in their certification, they must have undergone initial or recertification training in this technique within the previous 14 months.
If an LVNR application results in a subject being rendered unconscious;
v An aid unit and a supervisor must respond to the scene. The supervisor will ensure that a force response review is conducted in accordance with BPD policy 1.00.090 and that the following procedures are followed;
o The subject must be continuously visually observed/monitored for a period of 2 hours to insure no complications result following LVNR use. This observation period may include observation of the subject in the booking facility prior to booking into the jail. This monitoring period is not required if the person is admitted to a medical facility.
o If the subject is booked into jail, they must be screened by BFD EMS Personnel and/or a hospital emergency room. The application of LVNR shall be annotated on the booking form.
Any use of the LVNR will be documented in the incident report and shall include:
· the specific circumstances of use;
· level and type of resistance by the subject;
· level of LVNR applied;
· how quickly compliance was achieved;
· how compliance was indicated;
· whether or not the person was rendered unconscious;
· any injuries to the officer or to the subject;
· if applicable, the name of the medical professional who examined the subject;
· if applicable, the two hour observation period of the subject after application.
A Force Response Review will be completed and forwarded along with the incident report to the Office of Professional Standards and the Personnel Services Unit.